The good part is that STDs are rising according to U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, certain sexually transmitted infections (STDs) are in a steady, rapid rise. Gonorrhea is the second-highest-prevalence STD among the United States, saw a 10% increase in the prevalence in 2020 .
“The COVID-19 pandemic has put enormous pressure on an already stressed public health system,” Dr. Jonathan Mermin, director of the CDC’s National Center for HIV, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention and TB Prevention, told a recent interview. “There were instances in 2020 where it seemed that the world stood still however STDs were not. The relentless pace of the STD spread continued, even when STD prevention services were cut off.”
The worst part is that the gonorrhea bacteria has acquired resistance to antibiotics and resistance to antibiotics, with recent studies that shows the bacteria has become resistant to many antibiotics in a variety of regions of Africa. Doctors are reliant on one last class of antibiotics called cephalosporins for treating the gonorrhea-related infection.
What is the meaning of gonorrhoea?
Gonorrhea is a type of bacteria which is transmitted via sexual contact and, sometimes, during births. It is reported by the Mayo Clinic reports it mostly affects the genitals, rectum , and throat. When babies are born to mothers who are infected the most common manifestation is as an eye infection.
What causes gonorrhea?
According to the American Sexual Health Association (ASHA) the gonorrhea is spread most often through vaginal, oral and oral sexual relations. The ASHA suggests the appropriate and regular use of condoms in order to lower the risk of gonorrhea transmission.
Is gonorrhea curable? The good news is that it is treatable with antibiotics when detected early. However, any harm caused by infection can’t be reversed.
The signs and symptoms of gonorrhea be different, depending on the individual and degree of the infection. Based on the CDC the majority of sufferers of gonorrhea do not show any symptoms or have very minor symptoms that are not noticed or could be mistaken as a sign of another infection.
It is important to note that women seldom suffer from obvious symptoms, whereas men generally do.
Dr. Elizabeth Asiago Reddy, an assistant professor of medicine who has an expertise in infectious diseases told an interview recently on Upstate Medical University in Syracuse, N.Y., that it’s not common women to experience symptoms of the gonorrhea. This is why most women aren’t aware that they are infected and don’t seek treatment. This is why she emphasizes the importance of regular testing for women who are sexually active.
But, according to CDC the following are symptoms of gonorrhea in women:
- Vaginal gonorrhea can be yellow or white discharge, which can be followed by an unpleasant odor
- The sensation of burning or pain when you urinate
- Pain in the pelvis or abdomen
- Bleeding between periods
Untreated gonorrhea in women can lead to long-term and serious complications such as pelvic inflammation (PID) that can lead to infertility, persistent abdominal pain, as well as an eruption of the uterus and fallopian tubes.
Contrary to women Asiago Reddy noted that males are almost always afflicted with symptoms and typically seek medical attention immediately.
The CDC declares that these are symptoms of gonorrhea in males:
- Urination painstakingly
- Penis discharge -typically yellow, white or green in the color. It could be thin or thick
- Swollen or painful testicles
In men, if left untreated the condition can cause irritation in the tubes leading to the testicles and causing infertility. The ASHA also cites an inflammation of the prostate as well as an obliteration of the urinary tract, as signs of untreated gonorrhea in males.
The CDC states that both genders are susceptible to rectal infections, accompanied by symptoms such as bleeding, itching, discharge, soreness and painful stool movements.
According to ASHA In rare, cases that are not treated, gonorrhea may cause blood loss and joints. This is known as diffuse gonococcal disease and could be life-threatening.
Antibiotics are the most effective treatment for the condition known as gonorrhea. It is crucial to follow the entire regimen of antibiotics, even if symptoms do not disappear. According to CDC those suffering from throat infections need to be tested within a period of one to two weeks. Testing three months after treatment is required to rule out recurrence, which is very common.
Asiago Reddy has noted that as a result of the bacteria’s increasing resistance Two antibiotics are being recommended as gonorrhea medications. One is administered by injection, and the other is an oral pill. It is recommended that the CDC offers a range of treatments that may include additional antibiotics, based on area of the infection as well as whether or there is an allergy to the most commonly used ceftriaxone.